Math 139A, Fall 2018

Applications of Mathematics

Instructor                   John E. McCarthy
Class                           Tu 10.00-11.00 in Lopata 302

JM Office                   105 Cupples I
JM Office Hours       M 4.00-5.00, Tu 11.00-12.00,  Th. 3.00-3.4, and by appointment
Phone                          935-6753

Prerequisites

Math 131, taken concurrently

Description

Mathematics can often seem intimidatingly abstract.
"Why do we need to know this?" and "What is this good for?" are common
It is all very well to say that mathematics is needed for cell-phone design, or
to make ultrasound images, or for Google to calculate page-rank; but explaining
exactly how it is used in any of these applications takes a great deal ot time.

The purpose of this course is to give examples of how mathematics can be used to
understand real world problems. It is restricted to students enrolled in Calculus I, Math 131,
so we will start with problems that only need pre-calculus to solve, and work up to ones that use
calculus.

Do I need to be a math wiz to take this course?
No. The course is for students who are curious about how mathematics is used in the modern
world, and like learning.

Content

Here is a tentative schedule. The first seven do not use calculus, the next six do.
We may change some of these topics.

1. Dimensional Analysis. How to guess plausible formulas.
2. The mathematics of convoys. Are they a good idea? What are the pros and cons? Reading for class on Sep 4
3. Fibonacci Numbers. See this site for pictures
4. The golden ratio
5. Fractals I :  Coastlines
6. Fractals II : what is dimension?
7. Linear regression I. Application: the Gutenberg-Richter law of earthquake magnitudes. How can we speak of a twenty thousand year event? Earthquakes
8. Linear Regression II: How to find the best line. Regression to the mean Application: Metabolic rate versus animal size Metabolic Rates
9. Network capacities. Braess's paradox - building extra roads can increase congestion.
10. Fractals III: Blood flow.
11. Should we all have the same mitochondrial DNA? Galton's approach to surnames.
12. How genes spread through populations.
13. Sigmoid curves for populations, and the logistic equation.
14. SIR model of infectious diseases.

Grading will be based on classrooom participation, and a term paper.
The topic of the term paper should be chosen in consultation with the Instructor.
A preliminary draft should be handed in October 30th. This will be graded and returned,
and a final version should be handed in December 4th.

Classroom Participation (contribution to discussion): 20%
Term Paper - first draft: 30%
Term Paper - final draft: 50%

Class

I do expect you to come to class every day, and to participate in class discussions.
I expect you to read the corresponding section in Korner's book. I may call on you at
any time to answer a question.

Texts           The Pleasures of Counting, by T.W. Korner  (Cambridge, 1996).
This is a lovely book. If you get bogged down in some section, it is okay to move on.